Dating the reign of solomon
, , , 21:9) because the promised Messiah was to be a descendant of David.Matthew begins his Gospel with a detailed genealogy to prove that Jesus Christ fulfilled that requirement.There do appear to be connected scenes in the love relationship (see Outline).Virtually all agree that the literary climax of the Song is found in 8:6-7, where the unsurpassed power and value of love -- the love that draws man and woman together -- are finally expressly asserted.King David ranks with the great patriarchs of the Old Testament in many ways.At the time of Christ, a synonym for "Messiah" was "Son of David" (Mat.
She hints, without saying so explicitly (see the last NIV text note on 8:6), that it is the Lord's gift.Verse 1 appears to ascribe authorship to Solomon (see note on 1:1; but see also Title above). In fact, mention of Tirzah and Jerusalem in one breath (6:4; see note there) has been used to prove a date prior to King Omri (885-874 b.c.; see 1Ki -24), though the reason for Tirzah's mention is not clear.Solomon is referred to seven times (1:1,5; 3:7,9,11; -12), and several verses speak of the "king" (1:4,12; 7:5), but whether he was the author remains an open question. On the other hand, many have appealed to the language of the Song as proof of a much later date, but on present evidence the linguistic data are ambiguous.It is also distinct from more modern interpretations of the Song, such as that which sees it as a poetic drama celebrating the triumph of a maiden's pure, spontaneous love for her rustic shepherd lover over the courtly blandishments of Solomon, who sought to win her for his royal harem.Rather, it views the Song as a linked chain of lyrics depicting love in all its spontaneity, beauty, power and exclusiveness -- experienced in its varied moments of separation and intimacy, anguish and ecstasy, tension and contentment.