Dating russian belt buckles
On one the eagle is resting on crossed cannons while bearing the orb and sceptre.
Of the two others one is of a cruder imprint and has been over-polished, diminishing the clarity of the markings.
This mated with snap on the .45 cal automatic pistol magazine pouch (Pocket, Magazine, Web, M-1923 or M-1918) which slipped over the pistol belt with a loop of webbing on the back.
For garrison duty, a pistol holster (Holster, .45 Automatic, M-1916 attached with hook fastener, made of tan/brown leather) and the web magazine pouch for two magazines might be all that was attached to the belt.
(one vershok = 44.45 mm) My belt measures about 43 mm wide, but you need to remember, a measurement of one vershok is not going to be as accurete as a measurement of 44.45 mm, and there is shrinkage to consider over the years. The ersatz buckle is one vershok tall, and took a belt that was 3/4 vershok wide.
Hey Fireman, The Russians did have a steel buckel, it was a plain steel rectangle with the belt loop and hook on the back, I do not know if it was painted or not, but I suspect it was, this was for territorial troops. I have started to look at them and I want to make sure I don't get a repop or something.
Even new-pattern equipment like the M-1943 intrenching tool covers were made in older khaki or OD #3 canvas or webbing. Made of khaki webbing and canvas duck, this basic system had an equipment belt (cartridge or pistol), supported by suspenders that clipped to the belt on each side of the front buckle and in the middle of the back.
You can find examples of the First Aid Pouch for the Carlisle bandage such as the one on the left with date stamps in the 1940s.
But a new color was introduced at the start of the war: Olive Drab #3, the light greenish shade of the center pouch. military was very slow and uneven to introduce these color changes, and equipment updates that went with them.
Starting in 1943 new equipment was introduced, as well as clothing, in the darker shade Olive Drab #7, seen in the example pouch on the right. Late in World War II you could find groups equipped with all the new gear in OD #7, with all khaki gear, or mostly random mixtures as determined by chance supply irregularities.
This tan/sand color was used not only for webbing, but for uniforms, tents, truck tarps, etc. There were many exceptions, of course, in the vast array of Army procurement, but generally the color was khaki.
web gear issued to Army units (or units using Army-spec equipment) was in Olive Drab #9, commonly but unofficially called khaki.