The Chinese government has long kept tight reins on both traditional and new media to avoid potential subversion of its authority.
A year later, journalist Tan Zuoren was sentenced to five years in prison for drawing attention to government corruption and poor construction of school buildings that collapsed and killed thousands of children during the 2008 earthquake in Sichuan province.
The Chinese government deploys myriad ways of censoring the internet.
The Golden Shield Project, colloquially known as the Great Firewall, is the center of the government’s online censorship and surveillance effort.
Chinese internet companies are now required to sign the “Public Pledge on Self-Regulation and Professional Ethics for China Internet Industry,” which entails even stricter rules than those in the white paper, according to Jason Q.
Ng, a specialist on Chinese media censorship and author of .